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PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Department of Russian Language, Literature and Journalism, Mari State University
V. A. Soloukhin's short story "Twenty five by twenty five" (1974) becomes an empirical material for the consideration of the situation associated with the change of socio-cultural paradigms in rural life in Central Russia. The author uses in the text a reflexive interweaving of chronological layers, through which the process of gradual loss of living folk traditions both in the city and in the countryside is shown. Personal memories of the peculiarities of folk festivals in the Russian village of the first half of the twentieth century correlate with observations of the realities of the 1960s and 1970s. The story takes place in the village of Preobrazhenskoye on its patronal feast of the Transfiguration. This name is repeated in the text under consideration, helping to project a model of comparison of old and new society. In V. A. Soloukhin's story the motive of transformation, of changes of the reality manifests itself. The hero of the text, a citizen in the first generation, Andrei Voronov, is nostalgic for folk customs typical of the first half of the twentieth century. The subject embodiment of the former village folk culture is the garmon (the Russian button accordion). In the pre-war tradition, this instrument created and changed the situation, set the mood, enjoyed great respect in the countryside. Later, against the background of the urbanization of society, the spread of mass culture and the dominance of the principles of consumption, the garmonloses its former appeal and is perceived by young people as an archaic object. V. A. Soloukhin combines the features of a literary text and an ethnographic essay in his story. The writer makes an excursion into the world of festive folk traditions, recalls the important role of the garmon and its player in the life of the Russian village. Then, on the artistic material, he shows the transformation of the reality known to him since childhood.
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