Tel.: +7 (3412) 68-78- 44
4, Lomonosova str., Izhevsk, 426004, Russian Federation
Full Professor (Philology), leading researcher, department of philological studies, Udmurt Institute of History, Language and Literature of the Uralic division, Russian Academy of Sciences
Glukhova G.: e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel.: +7 (3412) 91-61-66
1, Universitetskaja str., Izhevsk, 426034, Russian Federation
PhD (Philology), associate professor, department of Udmurt literature and literature
of the peoples of Russia, Udmurt State University
The victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945 was achieved thanks to the highest tension of physical and spiritual forces of battles’ participants and home front workers. Among the memoires of the wartime, narrated at the territory of Udmurtia, we distinguish between stories of soldiers, workers of defense industry plants and rural workers.
Recurrent theme of the oral biographic stories about the wartime, that are narrated by informants of war-time and post-war generation of the villages is the exhausting work, that was due to the lack of men left for the battlefield, conducted by aged people, women and children in order to implement plans of bread and other agricultural products production, to fulfil the labor duty on construction of the railroad and tree felling.
The original form of Udmurt oral biographic stories is a genre of musical song tradition. Northern Udmurts perform improvisation songs in which stories about their life are revealed within the framework of a given melody, usually “sad”. Dramatic events of private life (hunger, ruin, death, orphanage) and emotional state at the moment of performance form the basis of improvisation songs. There among the southern Udmurts songs, that are personal in their essence, certain were performed according to ritual tradition of “seeing off”. Reference to farewell songs as to “personalized” gives a chance to restore an emotional picture of farewell (joining the army, leaving for the battlefield) and to draw an acoustic portrait of the performer. This type of songs is performed commonly within the context of the oral story reminiscence.
Dokumenty i materialy. 1917–2007 (2007) [Documents and Materials 1917–2007]. Khrestomatiya po istorii Udmurtii [Anthology of the Udmurtia History]. In 2 vol. Vol. 2. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Emel’yanov K. V., Gusev I. I. (1995) Kapka s’öryn; З ¨ukyrte, ж¨ushte syures: povest’es. <rus. Za vorotami; Skripit i stonet doroga. Povesti> [Outside the Gateway; The Pathway Screeps and Mourns. Novels]. Izhevsk. In Udmurt. Karpova L. L. (2005) Srednechepetskiy dialekt udmurtskogo yazyka: Obraztsy rechi [MiddleChepets Dialect of the Udmurt Language. Speech Samples]. Izhevsk. In Udmurt with Rusian Translation.
Khristolyubova L. S. (2015) Traktoristki voennykh let [Female Tractor Drivers of the Wartime]. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Kralina N. P. (2003) Doroga, stavshaya sud’boy: Povest’ [Road, that turned to be the Destiny: Novel]. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Lozhkina T. A. (2015) Ob issledovatel’skoy deyatel’nosti uchashchikhsya Sharkanskoy sredney shkoly po voennoy istorii i publikatsii sbornikov rabot yunykh arkhivistov [About Sharkan’s Intermediate School’s Pupils Research Activity in the field of Military History and Publicaton of Young Archivists’ Studies]. «Patriotizm — dukhovnyy potentsial Velikoy Pobedy» [“Amor Patriae as Spiritual Potential of the Great Victory”]. Materials of the Republican Research and Practice Conference, dedicated to the 70th Anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-45. Izhevsk, 29—30.04.2015.9 Proceedings. Ed. by
A. E. Zagrebin and V. V. Puzanov. Izhevsk. Pp. 207–209. In Russian.
Makeeva A. A. (2011) Obraz zheleznoy dorogi “Izhevsk — Balezino” v verbal’noy kul’ture. Vypusknaya kvalifikatsionnaya rabota [“Izhevsk — Balezino” Railroad’s Image in Verbal Culture. Graduate Qualification Thesis]. Supervised by G. N. Shushakova. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Nazmutdinova I. K. (2015) Vospominaniya ob uchastnikakh Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny v fondakh Nauchno-otraslevogo arkhiva instituta istorii, yazyka i literatury UrO RAN [Memoires about Combat Veterans of the Great Patriotic War in the Archive Fonds of the Scientific Industry-based Archive of the Institute of History, Language and Literature of the Uralic Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences].«Patriotizm — dukhovnyy potentsial Velikoy Pobedy» [“Amor Patriae as Spiritual Potential of the Great Victory”]. Materials of the Republican Research and Practice Conference, dedicated to the 70th Anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-45. Izhevsk, 29—30.04.2015.9 Proceedings. Ed. by A. E. Zagrebin and V. V. Puzanov. Izhevsk.
Pp. 100–103. In Russian.
Nurieva I. M. (1995) Pesni zavyatskikh udmurtov. [Songs of Udmrts of Trans-Vyatka]. Issue 1. Izhevsk. In Udmurt and Russian.
Nurieva I. M. (2004) Pesni zavyatskikh udmurtov [Songs of Udmrts of Trans-Vyatka]. Issue 2. Izhevsk. In Udmurt and Russian. Nurieva I. M. (2014)
Improvizatsiya v pesennoy kul’ture udmurtov: zhanr, stil’, myshlenie [Improvisation in Song Culture of Udmurts: Genre, Style, Mentality]. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Nurieva I. M. (2015) Udmurtskaya muzykal’nopesennaya traditsiya: spetsifika zhanrooobrazovaniya i funktsionirovaniya: Dis. … d-ra isk. [Udmurt Musical-Singing Tradition: Specifics of Genre Formation and Functioning. Grand PhD Thesis]. Moscow. In Russian.
Pchelovodova I. V. (2013) Udmurtskaya pesennaya lirika: Ot motiva k syuzhetu. [Udmurt Song Lyrics: From the Motive to the Plot]. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Podyukov I. A., Svalova E. N. (2013) Obraz voyny v narodnom predstavlenii (po yazykovym i fol’klornym materialam Prikam’ya kontsa XX — nachala XXI v.) [Pattern of the War in the Folk Concepts (according to Linguistic and Folklore Materials from Kama the Rivers Region in the end of the 19th — beginning of the 20th Century]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta [Herald of Perm State University]. 2013. Issue 3 (23). Pp. 17–28. In Russian.
Rodionov N. A. (2015) Udmurtskaya Respublika: put’ k pobede 1945 goda [Udmurt Republic: The Way to the Victory anno 1945]. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Shadrin V. A. (2008) Izhevsk — Balezino. Udmurt Republic: Encyclopaedia. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Speranskiy A. V. (ed.) (2008) Shchit i mech Otchizny. Oruzhie Urala s drevneyshikh vremen do nashikh dney [Motherland’s Shield and Sword: Armory at the Urals from Ancient Times to Nowadays]. Ekaterinburg. In Russian.
Udmurtiya v Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyne 1941–1945 gg. [Udmurtia during the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945]. Collected Papers. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Vakhrusheva D. V. (2009) Lichnaya biografiya kak fol’klornyy istochnik. Vypusknaya kvalifikatsionnaya rabota [Personal Biography as a Folklore Source. Graduate Qualification Thesis]. Supervised by T. G. Vladykina. Izhevsk. In Russian.
Vladykina T. G., Boykova E. B. (1992) Pesni yuzhnykh udmurtov [Songs of the Southern Udmurts. Issue 1. Izhevsk. In Russian and in Udmurt.
Vershinina E. B., Vladykina T. G. (2014) Pesni yuzhnykh udmurtov [Songs of the Southern Udmurts]. Issue 3. Izhevsk. In Russian and in Udmurt.
Vladykina T. G. (comp.) (2004) Ingur (Podnebes’e): Khrestomatiya po udmurtskomu fol’kloru dlya sredney shkoly [Ingur the Firmament. Anthology of Udmurt Folklore for Schools]. Izhevsk. In Udmurt and in Russian.
Yutina T. K. (2015) «Vspomnim vsekh poimenno…» (Elektronnye resursy seti internet kak istoricheskie istochniki) [Let’s Remember Everyone by Name. Electronic Resources of the Internet Web as Sources for Historical Studies]. «Patriotizm — dukhovnyy potentsial Velikoy Pobedy» [“Amor Patriae as Spiritual Potential of the Great Victory”]. Materials of the Republican Research and Practice Conference, dedicated to the 70th Anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-45. Izhevsk, 29—30.04.2015.9 Proceedings. Ed. by A. E. Zagrebin and V. V. Puzanov. Izhevsk. Pp. 218–224.