Tel.: +7 (499) 973 40 94;
Miusskaya square d. 6, 125267 Moscow, Russian Federation;
PhD (History), Associate Professor , Russian State University for Humanities; junior researcher, the Federal Institute of Mediation.
Ratkhod B.: тel.: (500046) 2313-0000, 2313-3216, 2313-4256;
University of Hyderabad Post office, Central University, Gachibowli, Hyderabad, India;
MA, Hyderabad Central University.
Banjara or Lambadi is one of the multiple Indian tribes, that is studied thoroughly by Indian anthropologists. Still sophisticated historical route and complexity of their traditional practices, including both authentic or adopted, have caused our interest to the Banjaras' religion. In this paper we try to depict the main religious concepts of the Banjaras' culture and to summarize all the data we have about their annual festivals and rituals of passage, two kinds of visible actions that very relate with the idea of supernatural. Although this community is wide scattering cross over all India and there are plenty different branches of Banjaras, our materials are limited to the Southern group, considering as a Scheduled tribe. This material is finishing our story about Banjaras, which has been started by two articles, published in the "Eastern Collection" and "Ethnographic observation". In sum it maybe the biggest text in Russian about Banjaras, but it still not full without the language analysis. We have left this room opened by the several reasons, and the point that we are not professional linguists isn't the last, but it also should be mentioned that we regard any language as a result of historical way rather than unique cultural feature; we are more interested in the process and reasons of words or meanings adoption, so the story about Banjaras, perhaps, still needs more work, and in this paper we just want to share with the Russian reader by the data we have collected.
Bhukya B. Subjugated Nomads the Lambadas under the Rule of the Nizams. New Delhi, 2010.
Cheeniya N. B. Banjara Charitra-Samskruthi-Pragagathi. Hyderabad, 1998.
Guseva N. R. Many-Faced India. Moscow, 1980. (in Russ.).
Ivanov A. V. Myths and Feasts among the Chenchu. Traditional Culture. 2013. ¹ 4. Pp. 51—60. (in Russ.).
Ivanov A. V. The Food and the Social Structure among the Chenchu in the South India // Ethnographic Observation. 2012. ¹ 1. Pp. 32— 50. (in Russ.).
Ivanov A. V. Yerukala Tribe in the India Village. Asia and Africa Today. 2010. ¹ 2. Pp. 59—63. (in Russ.).
Ivanov A. V., Rathod B. The Paradox of Banjara. Eastern Collection. 2014. ¹ 2. Pp. 93— 104. (in Russ.).
Ivanov A.V., Rathod B. The Social Structure among Banjara. Ethnographic Observation. 2015. (in Russ.).
Kovalev I. M. The Destinies of the India Tribes. Moscow, 1982. (in Russ.). Levi-Strauss C. The Elementary Structure of Kinship. Boston, 1969.
Russell R. V. Hira Lal Rai Bahadur. The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India. Vol. II. London, 1916.