E-mail: email@example.com Tel.: +1 (859) 257-1756
410, Lexington, KY 40506–0032, USA
PhD, Professor, University of Kentucky
This article studies legends and memorates about Kentucky cryptids and their socio-cultural roles in local and state identity. Kentucky cryptids are classified as one of three types: 1) natural creatures of unusual size or in an unusual habitat; 2) natural creatures as yet undocumented in biological classification systems; 3) creatures of supernatural or otherworldly origins. Built into the conception of Kentucky as a state are its frontier past and the beauty (and possible danger) of its wilderness. The stories about natural cryptids reinforce these core features of Kentucky identity. They emphasize pride in the state and in Kentucky heritage. Narratives about natural and supernatural cryptids also reveal contemporary concerns about environmental issues (pollution from coal mines and factories), United States and Kentucky history (racial policies), government and corporations (abuse of public trust, disrespect for the folk, and environmental degradation), and technology (railroads, dams).
Adams M. Q. (2014) Kentucky Cryptids. Unpublished manuscript. Adams M. Q. (2020) Louisville’s Dark Tourist:
Liminality, Legend, and the Macabre. MA Thesis, University of Louisville.
Bodie K. (2020) Satanic Murder in the Caves of Somerset, Kentucky. Unpublished manuscript. Cramer J. (2018) Perceptions of Appalachian
English in Kentucky. Journal of Appalachian Studies. 2018. Vol. 24. No. 1 (Spring). Pp. 45–71.
De Caro F. (2015) The Lalaurie Haunted House, Ghosts, and Slavery: New Orleans, Louisiana. In: Putting the Supernatural in its Place. Ed. by J. B. Thomas. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. Pp. 24–48.
Dorson R. (1982) Man and Beast in American Comic Legends. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Ellis B. (2003) Aliens, Ghosts and Cults:
Legends We Live. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.
Fine G. A., Turner P. (2004) Whispers on the Color Line Rumor and Race in America. Berkeley: University of California Press. Forrester T. (2015) Mountain Lions in the Eastern United States. Emammal. 2015. March 4. URL: https://emammal.si.edu/wildlife-yourwatershed/blog/mountain-lions-eastern-unitedstates (retrieved: 04.06.2020).
Goldstein D. (2004) Once Upon a Virus. AIDS Legends and Vernacular Risk Perception. Logan: Utah State University Press.
Harrison L. H., Klotter J. C. (1997) A New History of Kentucky. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press.
Holland J. S. (2008) Weird Kentucky. New York: Sterling. LaRue M. (2018) America’s Cat is on the Comeback. American Scientist. 2018. Vol. 14. No. 6 (November — December). Pp. 352–359.
Mezrich B. (2016) The 37th Parallel: The Secret Truth Behind America’s UFO Highway. New York: Atria.
Michaels D. (2016) People are Seeing Something: A Survey of Lake Monsters in the United States and Canada. S. l.: Create Space. Oldfather C. (2014) Hopkinsville Goblins. Unpublished manuscript.
Puglia D. J. (2013) Getting Maryland’s Goat: Diffusion and Canonization of Prince George’s County Goatman Legend. Contemporary Legend. 2013. Series 3. Vol. 3. Pp. 63–77.
Ulack R., Raitz K. (1982) Perceptions of Appalachia. Environment and Behavior. 1982. Vol. 14. No. 6 (November). Pp. 725–752.
Victor J. (1989) A Rumor-Panic About a Dangerous Satanic Cult in Western New York. New York Folklore. 1989. Vol. 15. No. 1–2. Pp. 23–49.
Rouhier-Willoughby J. The Narrative Tradition of Kentucky’s Mysterious Beasts. Traditional Culture. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 2. Pp. 56–67. In English.