The Narrative Tradition of Kentucky’s Mysterious Beasts

Альманах
Ключевые слова
crytpids, legends, memorates, Kentucky
Автор
Jeanmarie Rouhier-Willoughby
Сведения об авторе
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4272-7411
E-mail: j.rouhier@uky.edu Tel.: +1 (859) 257-1756
410, Lexington, KY 40506–0032, USA
PhD, Professor, University of Kentucky
Дата поступления
Дата публикации
DOI
https://doi.org/10.26158/TK.2021.22.2.004
Аннотация

This article studies legends and memorates about Kentucky cryptids and their socio-cultural roles in local and state identity. Kentucky cryptids are classified as one of three types: 1) natural creatures of unusual size or in an unusual habitat; 2) natural creatures as yet undocumented in biological classification systems; 3) creatures of supernatural or otherworldly origins. Built into the conception of Kentucky as a state are its frontier past and the beauty (and possible danger) of its wilderness. The stories about natural cryptids reinforce these core features of Kentucky identity. They emphasize pride in the state and in Kentucky heritage. Narratives about natural and supernatural cryptids also reveal contemporary concerns about environmental issues (pollution from coal mines and factories), United States and Kentucky history (racial policies), government and corporations (abuse of public trust, disrespect for the folk, and environmental degradation), and technology (railroads, dams).

Список литературы

Sources

Black Panther (2009a) in Lexington, KY. WLEX. 2009. September 17. URL: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=ESkgN2K0UM8 (retrieved: 03.06.2020).

Black Panther (2009b) in Lexington? WKYT. 2009. September 17. URL:https://www.youtube. com/watch?v=HLnlyRZGC8I (retrieved: 03.06.2020).

Fentress A. (2018) Between the Rivers. Nashville: Anne Fentress Video Production. URL: http://www.betweentheriversfilm.com/ (retrieved: 04.06.2020).

Gibbens S. (2018) Eastern Cougars Declared Extinct — ​But That Might Not be Bad. National Geographic. 2018. January 25. URL: https://www. nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/01/northamerican-eastern-cougar-mountain-lion-extinctspd/#close (retrieved: 04.06.2020).

Gravatte J. (2020) The Legend of Pope Lick. In: Louisvilleghs. URL: http://www.louisvilleghs. com/LGHS_MASTER/SUB/Legends/Pope%20 Lick/The%20Legend%20of%20Pope%20Lick. html (retrieved: 08.06.2020).

Haunted Places in Kentucky (2010). In: The Shadowlands. URL: http://www.theshadowlands. net/places/kentucky.htm (retrieved: 08.06.2020).

Herrington Lake Monster (2014). WLEX TV. 2014. December 29. URL: https://www. youtube.com/watch?v=NzIghewi1Ks (retrieved: 02.06.2020).

Hicks B. (2008) Caleb: Fact for Fiction. 64 Times-Tribune. 2008. May 5. URL: https://www. thetimestribune.com/community/caleb-fact-for-fiction/article_20b4140b-f195–5270-b8d7– 1b0124e6d88e.html (retrieved: 08.06.2020).

Kobin B. (2020) Parents of 15-Year-Old Louisville Girl Killed on Pope Lick Trestle Sue Railroad Company. Louisville Courier Journal. 2020. May 28. URL: https://www.courier-journal. com/story/news/local/2020/05/28/parentslouisville-girl-savanna-bright-killed-pope-licktrestle-sue-railroad/5273184002/ (retrieved: 08.06.2020).

Peterson E. (2017) Expert Says Water Quality Worse than We Thought. WFPL. 2017. November 17. URL: https://wfpl.org/new-documents-suggestpollution-in-herrington-lake-more-severe-thanpreviously-thought/ (retrieved: 03.06.2020).

Pfeiffer K. (2019) Hellier. YouTube. 2019. January 18. URL: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=R1FwIuicx88 (retrieved: 09.06.2020).

Powell D. (2018) The Beast in the LBL. WKDZ Radio. 2018. March 7. https://www.wkdzradio. com/2018/03/07/the-beast-in-lbl/ (retrieved: 03.06.2020).

Railway Disaster (1882) The Dead Circus Men — ​Freight Cars Wrecked. New York Times. 1882. September 27. URL: http://www.
gendisasters.com/kentucky/3796/paint-lick%2Cky-circus-train-accident%2C-sep‑1882 (retrieved: 08.06.2020).

Riley T. (2017) The Story Behind the Land Between the Lakes: America’s Largest Inland Pennisula. Roots Rated.
2017. July 21. URL: https://rootsrated.com/stories/the-story-behind-land-between-the-lakes-america-s-largestinland-peninsula (retrieved: 04.06.2020).

Special Places (2020): Pope Lick Park. In: The Park Lands. https://www.theparklands.org/Parks/ Pope-Lick-Park/30/Special-Places-Pope-LickPark (retrieved: 08.06.2020).

Story of Space-Ship (1955), 12 Little Men Probed Today. Kentucky New Era. 1955. August 22. P. 1. URL: https://news.google.com/newspaper s?id=HeYrAAAAIBAJ&sjid=qmUFAAAAIBAJ& pg=2838,3341366 (retrieved: 09.06.2020).

Voices of Versailles (2020) Sightings Within the Passed Month!! Grassy Springs, Troy Pike/ Carpenter, Tyrone Pike, Big Sink, Nonesuch. Facebook. 2020. May 11. https://www.facebook. com/groups/VoicesofVersailles/permalink/ 3137322352955660/ (retrieved: 04.06.2020).

Ward J. (1972) Herrington Lake ‘Monster’ Reported by Professor. Louisville Courier Journal. 1972. August 2. P. B1. URL: https://www. newspapers.com/image/?clipping_id=11289359 &fcfToken=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6Ikp XVCJ9.eyJmcmVlLXZpZXctaWQiOjExMDA2M DQ4NCwiaWF0IjoxNTkxMTE1MTMxLCJleH AiOjE1OTEyMDE1MzF9.mA7X0EL_BNw5CSU 8vaeM7c6CKR1YCMnRgILAZfojvJw (retrieved: 02.06.2020).


References

Adams M. Q. (2014) Kentucky Cryptids. Unpublished manuscript. Adams M. Q. (2020) Louisville’s Dark Tourist:
Liminality, Legend, and the Macabre. MA Thesis, University of Louisville.

Bodie K. (2020) Satanic Murder in the Caves of Somerset, Kentucky. Unpublished manuscript. Cramer J. (2018) Perceptions of Appalachian
English in Kentucky. Journal of Appalachian Studies. 2018. Vol. 24. No. 1 (Spring). Pp. 45–71.

De Caro F. (2015) The Lalaurie Haunted House, Ghosts, and Slavery: New Orleans, Louisiana. In: Putting the Supernatural in its Place. Ed. by J. B. Thomas. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. Pp. 24–48.

Dorson R. (1982) Man and Beast in American Comic Legends. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Ellis B. (2003) Aliens, Ghosts and Cults:
Legends We Live. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Fine G. A., Turner P. (2004) Whispers on the Color Line Rumor and Race in America. Berkeley: University of California Press. Forrester T. (2015) Mountain Lions in the Eastern United States. Emammal. 2015. March 4. URL: https://emammal.si.edu/wildlife-yourwatershed/blog/mountain-lions-eastern-unitedstates (retrieved: 04.06.2020).

Goldstein D. (2004) Once Upon a Virus. AIDS Legends and Vernacular Risk Perception. Logan: Utah State University Press.

Harrison L. H., Klotter J. C. (1997) A New History of Kentucky. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press.

Holland J. S. (2008) Weird Kentucky. New York: Sterling. LaRue M. (2018) America’s Cat is on the Comeback. American Scientist. 2018. Vol. 14. No. 6 (November — December). Pp. 352–359.

Mezrich B. (2016) The 37th Parallel: The Secret Truth Behind America’s UFO Highway. New York: Atria.

Michaels D. (2016) People are Seeing Something: A Survey of Lake Monsters in the United States and Canada. S. l.: Create Space. Oldfather C. (2014) Hopkinsville Goblins. Unpublished manuscript.

Puglia D. J. (2013) Getting Maryland’s Goat: Diffusion and Canonization of Prince George’s County Goatman Legend. Contemporary Legend. 2013. Series 3. Vol. 3. Pp. 63–77.

Ulack R., Raitz K. (1982) Perceptions of Appalachia. Environment and Behavior. 1982. Vol. 14. No. 6 (November). Pp. 725–752.

Victor J. (1989) A Rumor-Panic About a Dangerous Satanic Cult in Western New York. New York Folklore. 1989. Vol. 15. No. 1–2. Pp. 23–49.

Для цитирования

Rouhier-Willoughby J. The Narrative Tradition of Kentucky’s Mysterious Beasts. Traditional Culture. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 2. Pp. 56–67. In English.