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1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
PhD (Philology), associate professor, Folklore Department, Faculty of Philology, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Biblical ethnogenetic and historiosophical models determined mechanisms of national self-identification and the development of most European cultures of the Middle Ages and Modern times, on the one hand, and interacted with ethno-confessional and local ideas about neighboring peoples, embodied in oral proverbs and etiological legends, on the other hand. Due to the mechanism of xeno-motivation folklore stereotypes about ethnic neighbors link directly the specific features of the others’ language, psychology and culture with precedent events of the Old and New Testaments. Russian narrative and proverbial texts connecting modern customs with biblical prototypes descend from the 17th century, diffuse by manuscript and oral traditions during the 18th — the 19th centuries, serve as perceptive background and motifs genepool for Russian literature of Modern times. The theoretical theses of this article are argued by analyzing the Latin, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian rhymed proverbial sayings, manuscript notes on the early printed books of the 17th century, the investigation case of the 18th century induced by the spread of political satire of parodia sacra circle in the Russian capital and provinces, as well as the story of N. S. Leskov “In the tarantas carriage” (1862).
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