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Key words
childhood disease, religious ethics, traditional empirics, Nekrasov Cossaks
About the Author
E-mail: Tel.: +7 (928) 626-81-48
41, Chekhova av., Rostov-on-Don, 344006, Russian Federation
Senior researcher, Laboratory of Pilology, Department of Humanities, Federal Reseach Center the Southern Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences

This research was conducted according to the state order of the Federal Agency of Russian Scientific Organizations on carrying out fundamental scientific research on the theme “Historical and cultural heritage of the peoples of the South of Russia in the conditions of modernization” (0260-2018-0012, state registration No. АААА-А16-116012610049-3).


The article deals with the research of the original materials on the Nekrasov Cossacks’ traditional culture, belonging to the sphere of folk healing, mainly —  to the field of struggle with various neonatal and childhood diseases.

The author turns to a significant ethno-folklore text corpus and dialectal vocabulary, studying them in the context of the religious-philosophical attitudes of the Old Believer community. Certain attention is paid to the Nekrasov Cossacks’ empirical experience.

As a result of the research, the author comes to conclusions about the mutual effect of internal and external factors on the formation of the concept of childhood illness in the Nekrasov Cossacks’ perceptions. Not only the pragmatic content, but also the elements of the lower level of mythologization of childhood illness in the Nekrasovs’ traditions, are certainly connected with the history of contacts with the foreign and polyconfessional environment that occurred during the removals of the community along the Western Ciscaucasia, Southern territory along Danube (Donau) river and Asia Minor. However, the axiological structure, into which these later and situational elements fit, is built on the basis of the two most important among the basic components of the formation of the early Don Cossacks: the East Slavic tradition and the Old Orthodox ideology.

The article contains rare and previously unreported information. The main source of the research is the field materials of the ethnolinguistic expeditions of the Rostov State University (Southrn Federal University)  —  Institute for Social and Economic Research and Humanities of the Southern Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences 1999–2010. 


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