The Temple Holiday Prokopy Day in Bolshelug Village of the Komi Republic Over Time (Based on Records of the Beginning of the 21st Century)

Альманах
Key words
Komi folklore, local folklore tradition, temple holiday, Prokopy day, oral story
Author
Alexey N. Rassykhaev
About the Author
orcid.org/0000-0002-1927-3987
E-mail: rassyhaev@mail.ru Tel.: +7 (8212) 20-17-02
26, Kommunisticheskaya str., Syktyvkar, 167982, Russian Federation
PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, Folklore Department, Institute of Language, Literature and History, Komi Scientific Center of the Uralic Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Received
Date of publication
DOI
https://doi.org/10.26158/TK.2021.22.1.011
Body

This paper is based on field materials from the beginning of the 21st century and describes the peculiarities of perception of the temple holiday (khramovoi or prestol’nyi prazdnik) — ​Prokopy Day (July 21) in the village of Bolshelug in the Komi Republic. Compared to oral stories of the 1920s and 1960s, there are variations in its later celebration. Various statements are made regarding the number of days the holiday is celebrated (from July 19 to 24), as well as the order of visiting in the village and in nearby villages. In the absence of reliable information about the practice of celebrating Prokopy Day which had been established in the village by the 1930s, attempts were made to “privatize” the feast day and to put into practice folkloric descriptions of the once common ritual. Having become the main village holiday, Prokopy Day also began to incorporate various new ritual practices and customs (omens, prohibitions and prescriptions). This process developed against the background of the fact that in Bolshelug the church was consecrated to St. Nicholas the Wonderworker and Archbishop of Myra, although St. Nicholas Day folklore has remained mostly overlooked.

References

Chernykh A. V. (2006) Russkii narodnyi kalendar’ v Prikam’e. Prazdniki i obryady kontsa XIX — ​serediny XX v. Ch. I. Vesna, leto, osen’ [The Russian Folk Calendar in Prikamye: Holidays and Ceremonies at the End of the 19th 20th — ​Middle of the Century. Part I. Spring, Summer, Autumn]. Perm: Pushka. In Russian.

Chernykh A. V. (2008) Russkii narodnyi kalendar’ v Prikam’e. Prazdniki i obryady kontsa XIX — ​serediny XX v. Ch. II. Zima [The Russian Folk Calendar in Prikamye: Holidays and Ceremonies at the End of the 19th 20th — ​Middle of the Century. Part II. Winter]. Perm: Pushka. In Russian.

Chernykh A. V. (2014) Russkii narodnyi kalendar’ v Prikam’e. Prazdniki i obryady kontsa XIX — ​serediny XX v. Ch. IV. Mestnye prazdniki [The Russian Folk Calendar in Prikamye: Holidays and Ceremonies at the End of the 19th of the 20th St. Petersburg: Mamatov. In Russian.

Chicherov V. I. (1957) Zimnii period russkogo narodnogo zemledel’cheskogo kalendarya XVI– XIX vekov (Ocherki po istorii narodnykh verovanii) [The Winter Period of the Russian Folk Agricultural Calendar of the 16th — ​19th Centuries (Essays on the History of Folk Beliefs)]. Vol. 40. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo AN SSSR. In Russian.

Filippova V. V., Kaneva T. S. (comp.) (2000) Komi fol’klor. Kalendarnye obryady i poeziya: Khrestomatiya [Komi Folklore: Calendar Rituals and Poetry: An Anthology]. Part 1. Syktyvkar: Izdatel’stvo SyktGU. In Komi and Russian.

Filippova V. V., Kaneva T. S. (comp.) (2002) Traditsionnyi narodnyi kalendar’ komi: Materialy [The Traditional Folk Calendar of the Komi: Materials]. Syktyvkar: Izdatel’stvo SyktGU. In Komi and Russian.

Igusheva M. E., Taskayeva A. A. (2017) Iz istorii tserkvi vo imya Sv. Nikolaya Mirlikiiskogo Chudotvortsa sela Bol’shelug Kortkerosskogo raiona [From the History of the Church of St. Nikolay Mirlikiysky the Wonderworker of Bolshelug Village of Kortkeros District]. Izvestiya Obshchestva izucheniya Komi kraya [Proceedings of the Society for the Study of the Komi Territory]. 2017. Vol. 2 (17). Pp. 95–101. In Russian.

Ilyina I. V., Ulyashev O. I. (2012) Prestol’nye prazdniki verkhnevychegodskikh komi [Temple Holidays of the Komi of Top Vychegda]. In: Evropeyskii Sever: lokal’nye gruppy i etnicheskie granitsy [The European North: Local Groups and Ethnic Borders]. Syktyvkar: Izdatel’stvo IYaLI Komi NTs UrO RAN. Iss. 71. Pp. 133–161. In Russian.

Konakov N. D. (1993) Ot Svyatok do sochel’nika: Komi traditsionnye kalendarnye obryady [From Christmastide to Christmas Eve: Komi Traditional Calendar Ceremonies]. Syktyvkar: Komi knizhnoe izdatel’stvo. In Russian.

Kotov P. P. (2004) Razvitie sel’skokhozyaistvennogo proizvodstva [The Development of Agricultural Production]. In: Istoriya Komi s drevneishikh vremen do kontsa XX veka [History of the Komi Republic from Ancient Times to the End of the 20th Century]. Vol. 1. Syktyvkar: Komi knizhnoe izdatel’stvo. Pp. 304–320. In Russian.

Kudryashova V. M. (comp.) (1993) Komi narodnye primety [Komi Folk Omens]. Syktyvkar: Komi knizhnoe izdatel’stvo. In Russian.

Listova T. A. (2011) Pravoslavie v obshchestvenno-religioznykh prazdnikakh sovetskogo i postsovetskogo vremeni (po materialam polevykh issledovanii v rossiisko-ukrainsko-belorusskom pogranich’e) [Orthodoxy in Public and Religious Holidays of the Soviet and Post-Soviet Period (Based on Field Studies in the RussianUkrainian-Belarusian Border Zone)]. In: Tserkovnye prazdniki russkogo naroda: ot proshlogo k nastoyashchemu [Church Holidays of the Russian People: From the Past to the Present]. Moscow: IEA RAN. Pp. 161–230. In Russian.

Lobanova L. S., Rassykhaev A. N. (2013) Narodnyi kalendar’ v s. Bogorodsk Respubliki Komi [The Folk Calendar in the Bogorodsk Village of the Komi Republic]. Zhivaya starina [Living Antiquity]. 2013. No. 3. Pp. 45–48. In Russian.

Napolskikh V. V. (ed.) (1999) Mifologiya komi: entsiklopediya [The Mythology of the Komi: Encyclopedia]. Moscow: DIK. In Russian.

Panyukov A. V. (2012) Prazdnichnye obkhody territorii v lokal’nykh traditsiyakh komi [Holiday Visits of Territories in the Local Traditions of the Komi]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie [Ethnographic Review]. 2012. No. 1. Pp. 72а–85. In Russian.

Panyukov A. V., Savelyeva G. S. (2006) Khramovye zavetnye prazdniki v Komi krae (po polevym arkhivnym materialam) [Treasured Temple Holidays in Komi Territory (Based on Field Archival Materials)]. Paleoslavica. 2006. Vol. XIV/1. Рp. 262–286. In Russian.

Panyukov A. V., Savelyeva G. S. (2007) Traditsionnyi kalendar’ v Komi krae (po polevym arkhivnym materialam) [The Traditional Calendar in Komi Territory (Based on Field Archival Materials)]. Paleoslavica. 2007. Vol. XV/2. Pp. 261–294. In Russian.

Panyukov I. M. (1999) Viser vozh da setchӧs olys’yas iylys’ pasiӧd’yas [Notes on the Locality of Vishera and Its Residents]. Kӧrtkerӧs. In Komi.

Pavlyushin S. E., Krutikov A. V. (2000) Kortkerosskii raion [The Kortkeros District]. In: Atlas Respubliki Komi [Atlas of the Komi Republic]. Moscow: DIK. Pp. 516–517. In Russian.

Rassykhaev A. N., Lobanova L. S. (2018) Prestol’nye prazdniki visherskikh komi i Dni sela (problema aktualizatsii fol’klornogo naslediya) [Temple Holidays of the Vishera Komi and Village Days (The Problem of Actualizing the Folkloric Heritage)]. Traditsionnaya kul’tura [Traditional Culture]. 2018. Vol. 19. No. 5. Pp. 266–279. In Russian.

Sharapov V. E. (1995) Bogorodichnye prazdniki u sovremennykh komi [Theotokos Holidays Among the Modern Komi]. Syktyvkar: Izdatel’stvo Komi NTs UrO RAN. Iss. 359. In Russian.

Ulyashev O. I. (2012) Il’in den’ v sele Vol’dino: traditsii v potoke vremeni [Ilya’s Day in the Village of Voldino: Traditions in the Flow of Time]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie [Ethnographic Review]. 2012. No. 1. Pp. 61а–72. In Russian.

Vlasova V. V., Sharapov V. E. (2012) Regional’noe/lokal’noe v traditsii pochitaniya sv. Paraskevy u komi-zyryan [Regional/Local in the Tradition of Venerating St. Paraskev among the Komi-Zyryans]. In: Evropeiskii Sever: lokal’nye gruppy i etnicheskie granitsy [The European North: Local Groups and Ethnic Borders]. Syktyvkar: Izdatel’stvo IYaLI Komi NTs UrO RAN. Iss. 71. Pp. 162–182. In Russian.

Zherebtsov I. L. (2000) Naselennye punkty Respubliki Komi: istoriko-demograficheskii spravochnik [Settlements of the Komi Republic: Historical and Demographic Reference Book]. Moscow: Nauka. In Russian.

For citation

Rassykhaev A. N. The Temple Holiday Prokopy Day in Bolshelug Village of the Komi Republic Over Time (Based on Records of the Beginning of the 21st Century). Traditional Culture. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 1. Pp. 134–144. In Russian.