Скачать pdf
Key words
Sagaalgan, Buryat, Shenekheen, public policy, national festival
About the Author
E-mail: Tel.: +7 (495) 938-03-09
32a, Leninskiy av., Moscow, 119334, Russian Federation
PhD (Law), post-doc fellow, N. N. Miklukho-Maklay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences

In the beginning of the 1990s, the status of the traditional Buryat New Year festival Sagaalgan was elevated to that of state holiday inside the Russian Federation’s Republic of Buryatia, marking the beginning on a new period in its development. Soon this originally family and community aff air with distinctive religious fl avor has evolved into an important socio-political event, which signifi cance amounts to areas lying far beyond its traditional sphere of infl uence. At the same time, among those Buryats, who live in Shenekheen district of Inner Mongolia Autonomous District in China and who have managed to preserve their traditional culture almost intact, Sagaalgan’s sacredness is gradually eroded being replaced by the characterless urban rituals common all over China. Th is tendency can be partially explained by the fact that in China, unlike in Russia or Mongolia, the Buryat traditional festival is intentionally coincided with the date of all-nation Spring Festival. As a result, the Chinese holiday eclipses that of Buryats. Holiday’s destiny manifests two opposing national calendar strategies: either of integrating or of sidelining minority people’s festivals. Th is paper elaborates on the impact of the state policies on the survival of the traditions of minority groups and on the reciprocal eff ect that these national traditions can have on the state integrity in return.


Anikonova T. G. (2015) Prazdnichnyy kalendar’ v formirovanii tsennostnykh ustanovok obshchestva [Festival calendar in forming society’s value system]. Nauka. Iskusstvo. Kul’tura [Science. Art. Culture]. 2015. Vol. 2 (6). Pp. 20–30. In Russian.

Baldano M. N. (2015) Protsess natsional’nogo stroitel’stva v sovremennoy Buryatii: transgranichnyye vyzovy — r iski i vozmozhnosti [Process on nation-building in contemporary Burytia —  transborder challenges — r isks and opportunities]. In: Transgranichnyye vyzovy natsional’nomu gosudarstvu [Transborder challenges to the nation state]. Ed. by S. Panarin. St. Petersburg. Pp. 282– 304. In Russian.

Banzarov D. (1955) Collected works. Ed. by G. D. Sanzheyev. Moscow. In Russian.

Batomunkina Ts. Ts. (2009) Sagaalgan. In: Entsiklopediya Zabaykal’ya: Aginskiy Buryatskiy okrug [Transbaikalia Encyclopedia: Agin Buryat circuit]. Ed. by Р. F. Geniatulin. Vol. ed. by B. B. Zhamsuev. Novosibirsk. Pp. 255–256. In Russian.

Boronoyeva D. Ts. (2000) Ocherki istorii i kul’tury buryat Vnutrenney Mongolii KNR [Essays on history and culture of the Buryats of PRC’s Inner Mongolia]. Ulan-Ude. In Russian.

Khabudayeva V. A. (2014) Natsional’nyye prazdniki v sisteme traditsionnykh sotsiokul’turnykh tsennostey buryatskoy molodezhi
[National holidays in the system of traditional socio-cultural values of Buryat youth]. Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Buryat state university bulletin]. 2014. No. 14 (2). Pp. 43– 46. In Russian.

Renchinova Ts. E., Balkhanov G. I. (2007) “Sagaalgan” v dukhovno-nravstvennoy kul’ture buryat: traditsiya i sovremennost [Sagaalgan in spiritual and moral culture of Buryats: traditions and nowadays]. Ulan-Ude. In Russian.

Shapovalov S. N. (2013) Formirovanie gosudarstvennykh prazdnikov sovremennoy Rossii [Forming of state holidays in contemporary Russia]. Obshchestvo: sotsiologiya, psikhologiya, pedagogika [Society: sociology, psychology, pedagogics]. 2013. No. 3. Pp. 20–26. In Russian.

Tsydenova T. B. (2010) Buryaty Kitaya v rossiyskoy istoriografi i [China’s Buryats in Russian historiography]. Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Buryat state university bulletin]. 2010. No. 8. Pp. 255–260. In Russian.

徐占江等主编 (2009) 中国布里亚特蒙古人. Xu Zhangjian et al. (ed.) Zhongguo buliyate mengguren [Buryat-Mongols of China]. Hulunbuir. In Chinese.

邢莉 (2010) 蒙古族过年习俗的变迁. Xin Li. Mengguzu guonian xisu de bianjian [Th e changes in practices of New Year celebrations among Mongols]. N. W. Journal of Ethnology. 2010. No. 2 (65). Pp. 186–196. In Chinese