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Key words
Russians, traditional culture, Volga region, Urals, contemporary researches, historiography
About the Author
E-mail: Tel.: +7 (3422) 212-70-19
13a, Lenina str., Perm, 614090, Russian Federation
DSc in History, Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Ethnological Research Sector, Department of History, Archaeology and Ethnography, Perm Federal Research Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Date of publication

The Study was supported by a Grant from the Russian Science Foundation (Project No. 19−18−00117).


The paper focuses on main peculiarities of ethnocultural traditions of Russians living in the Volga region and Urals. Factors that have affected their specific character are determined. To them the author refers history of formation and main routes of migration of Russian population, participation of Russian migrants from Russian North and central Russia in the development of the region, a complex confessional and religious structure of Russian population, adaptation to new climatic, social, economic and ethnocultural peculiarities of the region, as well as active interethnic contacts. The interethnic contacts have manifested themselves in all spheres of traditional culture — in the language, housekeeping, material culture, folklore, rites. The author states that by the present moment the Russian culture of different parts of the Volga region and the Urals has been studied but unevenly despite the voluminous historiography. Active modern research of language and traditional culture is conducted only in a few areas of the region. Among the research objectives, the author states a necessity of recording and studying dialects and preserved complexes of traditional culture; conducting field work (dialectological, ethnological and folklore expeditions). The urgent goals in studying traditional culture of Russians in the given region are considered to be the following: defining, processing and publishing archive materials, introducing expedition materials into the research area. Collection, processing and publishing of source materials, as well as monographic research of complexes of language and traditional culture, are also necessary because of certain gaps of knowledge that have to be filled otherwise problems of areal spread and routes of migration of a variant a cultural phenomenon cannot be solved. Researches connected with studying contemporary ethnic processes, identity, functioning of social institutions, transformation of cultural forms under conditions of rural and urban, dense and dispersed population of Russians are no less relevant


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For citation

Chernykh A. V. Russians of the Volga region and Urals: ethnocultural peculiarities and research perspectives. Traditional culture. 2019. Vol. 20. No. 5. Pp. 13−22. In Russian