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Makarov emb., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation
DSc in Philology, Chief Research Fellow, Institute of Russian Literature (the Pushkin House), Russian Academy of Sciences
This article argues that the images of the gusli (psaltery) and the gusli player in the Russian cultural code began with literature and then entered the visual arts; it was only at the beginning of the 20th century that the gusli itself was heard by educated society, thanks to the activities of N. I. Privalov. It analyzes the formation of the image of the guslar in Russian visual art of the 19th — 20th centuries. It considers the images of the singer-tribune (V. Vasnetsov’s “Boyan”) calling on soldiers to protect their native land, and that of a daring young man, a singer of cheerful songs (I. Ya. Bilibin’s “Sadko”) from this point of view. Th e author then analyzes the social aspect of the image of the gusli player in the painting of the “peredvizhniki” (in particular, those of A. P. Ryabushkin). She also considers the everyday scenes by the artist N. P. Bogdanov-Belsky, that can be considered as an ethnographic source.
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Ivanova T. G. The image of the gusli player in Russian fine art of the 19th — 2 0th centuries. Traditional culture. 2019. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 22–31. In Russian.