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Full Professor, leading researcher, Institute of Philology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy
Eschalogical views of Altaians in the context of their religious convictions’ development are considered in the paper. Basing on the viewpoints accepted in historical scholarship, the author suggests that Eshacton myths connected with Christianity came to Altaians in the past as a result of their long-time cultural-historical contacts with various peoples preaching Nestorianism, Manichaeism and, later, Orthodoxy. As regards their contents, Altaian eschatological narratives are similar with Russian Eschaton stories and spiritual verses. Features, common between Altaian and Russian texts, are found in the expression of the Old Testament Christian dogmata. Special metaphorism also makes them closer: both of them contain similar allegories. The specificity of Altaian eschatological texts consists in the synthesis of concepts and ideas of the original Shamanism, Christianity and Buddhism, which was characteristic for ancient Manichaeism. Eschatological views could make use of both Christian bookishness and oral tradition being widely performed among newcomers. These items possess special genre mobility being actualized in the situations when serious issues were set to the public, on solving which future of the community dependeds. At the beginning of the 20th century it was evidenced by the tales performed by Burkhanists, which expected coming of Oirot-khan’s mission that will save his black-headed people and guide them to a new country.
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Sherstova L. I. (2013) Eskhatologiya rannego burkhanizma: iz opyta rekonstruktsii traditsionnogo etnicheskogo samosoznaniya [Eschatology of the Early Burkhanism: Probes on Reconstruction of Traditional Ethnic Self-consciousness]. Vestnik Tomskogo gos. Universiteta. Istoria [Herald of the Tomsk State University. History]. 2013. No. 3 (23). Pp. 181–185. In Russian.
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