Скачать pdf
Key words
ethnocultural folk games, physical culture, boxers, culture of health
About the Author
Tel.: +7 (977) 591-24-16
7, build. 1, Tsimlyanskaya str., Moscow, 109559, Russian Federation
Master of Psychological and Pedagogical Education, Teacher-Organizer of Research Activities for Students of the College of Architecture, Design and Reengineering No. 26
Date of publication

The Republic of Tuva is a part of the Russian Federation (82% of the population of the Republic are of the Tuvan nationality). The Tuvinians are a people with a rich history dating back centuries. Settlement of the land where they live began in the Stone Age. At various times, Scythians, Huns and the numerous Turkic tribes lived there. The culture of childhood in Tuva is an important part of the life of the ethnic group. Games among Tuvan children have interested Russian-speaking researchers since the beginning of Siberia’s development, but information about them was only systematized at the beginning of the 20th century. The material about Tuvan children’s games presented in this article was collected on a joint expedition to Tuva by the Moscow Pedagogical State University, Tuva State University and the Moscow Museum of Nomadic Cultures. Its tasks included direct observation of children’s play and its visual fixation. In particular, field studies allowed the authors to highlight two aspects of Tuvinians’ perception of khuresh wrestling. First, that khuresh is a time-tested means of physical education for boys, and second — even more significant for the Tuvan community — is that khuresh serves as a sign of gender and ethnic identity.


Anaiban Z. V., Mannai-ool M. Kh. (2013) Proiskhozhdeniye tuvintsev. Istoriya voprosa [The origin of the Tuvinians. The history of the question]. Novyye issledovaniya Tuvy [New research on Tuva]. 2013. No. 3. URL: (retrieved: 15.03.2018). In Russian.

Bicheldey K. A. (2001) Zvukovoy stroy dialektov tuvinskogo yazyka [The sound system of the dialects of the Tuvinian language]. Moscow. In Russian.

Gaskov A. V., Dugarova T. Ts., Zhamts S., Mendot E. E. (2013) Etnokul’turnaya znachimost’ tuvinskikh narodnykh igr [The ethnic and cultural significance of Tuvan folk games]. Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Buryat State University Herald]. 2013. No. 13. Pp. 101–104. In Russian.

Goncharova G. S., Savelyev L. Ya. (2004) Semeynobrachnyye otnosheniya u narodov Sibiri: problemy, tendentsii, perspektivy [Family and marriage relations among the peoples of Siberia: Problems, trends, prospects]. Novosibirsk. In Russian. 

Huizinga J. (2011) Homo ludens. Chelovek igrayushchiy [Homo ludens. The human at play]. St.Petersburg. In Russian.

Kara-ool Ch. A. (2015) Materinskaya poeziya v detskom fol’klore tuvintsev [Maternal poetry in the children’s folklore of the Tuvinians]. Novyye issledovaniya Tuvy [New research on Tuva]. 2015. No. 2. URL: (retrieved:30.03.2018).

Kurbatsky G. N. (1973) Tuvinskiye prazdniki: istoriko-etnograficheskiy ocherk [Tuvan holidays: An historical and ethnographic essay]. Kyzyl. In Russian.

Kyrgys E. K., Oorzhak S. Ya. (2007) Narodnaya igra kak sredstvo fizicheskogo vospitaniya shkol’nikovl [Folk games as a tool of physical education of schoolchildren]. Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy zhurnal [Siberian pedagogical magazine]. 2007. No. 14. URL: (retrieved: 14.06.2017). In Russian.

Oorzhak Kh. D.-N. (1995) Tuvinskiye narodnyie podvizhnyie igry [Tuvan folk outdoor games]. Kyzyl. In Russian.

Sambu N. U. (1978) Tuvinskiye igry [Tuvan games]. Kyzyl. In Russian.

Sleptsova I. S. (1995) Narodnyie igry i ispol’zovaniye ikh v vospitanii [Folk games and their use in education]. In: Russkiye narodnyie traditsii i sovremennost’ [Russian folk traditions and modernity]. Moscow. Pp. 54–72. In Russian.

Vaynshteyn S. I. (1961) Tuvintsy-todzhintsy. Istoriko-etnograficheskiye ocherki [Tuvinians-Todzhins: Historical and ethnographic essays]. Moscow. In Russian.

Vershinina V. Yu. (2017) Nekotoryye formy deviantnogo povedeniya v sovremennoy Tuve [Some forms of deviant behavior in modern Tuva]. Final qualifying work of the student in the field of “Anthropology and Ethnology”. Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow. (Manuscript).

For citation

Ezhova O. F. The culture of Tuva children’s play: Khuresh wrestling and the ethnic socialization of boys. Traditional culture. 2019. Vol. 20. No. 2. Pp. 63–71. In Russian.