Скачать pdf
Key words
Komi folklore, local folklore tradition, veneration of icons, folk Orthodoxy, home liturgy
About the Author
Lobanova L.: е-mail:
Tel.:+7 (8212) 20-17-02
26, Kommunisticheskaya str., Syktyvkar, 426004, Komi Republic, Russian Federation
Senior researcher, Folklore department, Institute of Language, Literature and History of Komi Scientic Center of the Uralic Division, Russian Academy of Sciences
Rassykhaev A.: е-mail:
Tel.: +7 (8212) 20-17-02
26, Kommunisticheskaya str., Syktyvkar, 426004, Komi Republic, Russian Federation
PhD (Philology), senior researcher, Folklore department, Institute of Language, Literature and History of Komi Scientic Center of the Uralic Division, Russian Academy of Sciences

n the paper folk tradition of veneration of icons is characterized on the basis of field materials which are recorded from the village of Nivshera of Kortkeros district of Komi Republic in 2013–2014. Data on contemporary ritual practice of carrying out house liturgy with honored icons are considered as well as oral history about this tradition in the past. Materials consist of memories about home prayers, narratives about advent of a shrine, miracles caused by icons, punishments for status humiliation of an icon or other sacred items, and also folk interpretation of Christian saints. As for 2013–2014 home liturgies have been carried out before icons of such saints as Stefan the Great; Charalampiya; Charalampiya and Vlasiya; Parasceve (Friday) and the icon of Ascent of our God. Church service out of the temple was held until recently before the miraculously appeared icon of Nicholas the Wonderworker’, which had been restored and then transferred to a rebuilt chapel. Home prayers are carried out before Ivan <St. John> the Theologian’s icon rarely. Private home venerations started after closing and destruction of chapels. Veneration of three icons, such as Basil the Great’s, Ilya the Great’s and dedicated to the Presentation in the Temple of the most Holy Mother of the God, has been ceased completely. Celebrations follow similar scenarios: after morning church service participants consecrate water and take part in a joint meal. The icon serves as the keeper of religiousness. Shrine’s loss leads to fading of tradition. One of the main conditions for tradition continuity is existence of icons’ keepers in a family. Such are women who experience a personal obligation before parents on religiousness preservation. Current keepers of icons are generally women aged 50–60 years. Some of them are not competent in orthodox traditions and have to invite female neighbors to conduct rituals properly. Both general and special features are revealed in veneration of each orthodox icon and in carrying out home liturgies. Mechanisms of formation and functioning of this tradition, which is unique for the Komi culture, are elucidated.


 Bernshtam T. A. (1995) Lokal’nye gruppy Dvinsko-Vazhskogo areala: Dukhovnye faktory v etno- i sotsiokul’turnykh protsessakh [Local Groups of Dvina — Vaga Area: Spiritual Factors of the Ethnic and Socio-Cultural Processes]. Russkiy Sever: K probleme lokal’nykh grupp [Russian North: To the Problem of Local Groups]. St. Petersburg. Pp. 208–318. In Russian.

Bernshtam T. A. (2005) Prikhodskaya zhizn’ russkoy derevni: Ocherki po tserkovnoy etnograÚi [Parish Life of the Russia Village: Essays on Church Ethnography]. St. Petersburg. In Russian.

Chistyakov P. G. (2005) Pochitanie mestnykh svyatyn’ v sovetskoe vremya: palomnichestvo k istochniku v Kurskoy Korennoy pustyni v 1940– 1950-e gody [Veneration of Local Sanctities during the Soviet Era: Pilgrimage to the Spring at Kursk Root ‹eotokos Monastery in the 1940s  the 1950s]. Religiovedenie [Religious Studies]. 2005. No. 4. Pp. 135–149. In Russian.

 Kirichenko O.V. (ed.) (2011) Tserkovnye prazdniki russkogo naroda: ot proshlogo k nastoyashchemu [Church Holidays of the Russian People: From Past to Nowadays]. Moscow. In Russian.

Lobanova L. S., Rassykhaev A. N. (2016) Otchet o polevykh fol’klornykh issledovaniyakh v sel’skom poselenii «Nivshera» Kortkerosskogo rayona Respubliki Komi v 2013 g. [Report on Folklore Field Research of Nivshera the Rural Settlement of Kortkeros District of Komi Republic in 2013]. Nauchnyy arkhiv Komi NTs. [Scholarly Archive of the Komi ScientiÚc Center]. Fund 5. Inv. 2. D. 833. Manuscript. In Russian.

Moroz A. B. (2009) Svyatye Russkogo Severa: Narodnaya agiograÚya [Saints of the Russian North: Folk Hagiography]. Moscow. In Russian.

 Pavlyushin S. E.; Krutikov A. V. (2001) Kortkerosskiy rayon [Kortkeros District]. Atlas Respubliki Komi. Moscow. Pp. 516–517. In Russian. Panchenko A. A. (1998) Issledovaniya v oblasti narodnogo pravoslaviya. Derevenskie svyatyni Severo-Zapada Rossii [Studies in the Field of Folk Orthodoxy. Rural Sanctities of the North-West of Russia]. St. Petersburg. In Russian.

Panyukov I. M. (1999) Viser vozh da setchös olys’yas yylys’ pasyöd”yas [Notes on Vishera Vicinity and its Residents]. Kortkeros. In Komi language.

Panyukov A. V. (2000) Traditsii i sovremennost’: kul’t ikon v sovremennoy komi kul’ture [Traditions and Nowadays: Icon Veneration in Contemporary Komi Culture]. Vestnik kul’tury [Culture Herald]. Syktyvkar. 2000. No. 2. Pp. 43– 47. In Russian.

Panyukov A. V. (2012) Prazdnichnye obkhody territoriy v lokal’nykh traditsiyakh komi [Festal Processions along Territories in Local Traditons of the Komi]. Etnograœcheskoe obozrenie [Ethnographic Review]. 2012. No. 1. Pp. 7285. In Russian.

Panyukov A. V., Savel’eva G. S. (2006) Khramovye i zavetnye prazdniki v Komi krae [Temple Dedication Days and Commitment Holidays at Komi Territory]. Paleoslavica. International Journal for the Study of Slavic Medieval Literature, History, Language and Ethnology. XIV. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 2006. Pp. 262–286. In Russian.

Poplavskaya Kh. V. (2001) Palomnichestvo, strannopriimstvo i pochitanie svyatyn’ (po materialam Ryazanskogo kraya) [Pilgrimage, Hospitality and Veneration of Sanctities (ExempliÚed in Materials from Ryazan’ Territory]. Pravoslavnaya zhizn’ russkikh krest’yan XIX—XX vekov: itogi etnograœcheskikh issledovaniy [Orthodox Life of Russian Peasants during the 19th — the 20th Centuries: Results of Ethnographic Studies]. Moscow. Pp. 251–300. In Russian.

Zherebtsov I. L. (text prep.) (2009) Letopis’ Nivsherskoy tserkvi [Nivshera Church’s Chronicle]. Povsednevnaya zhizn’ Komi kraya [Everyday Life of Komi Territory]. 2009. Syktyvkar. Issue 3. Pp. 18–33. In Russian.